What is In Vitro Fertilisation?
What is IVF? (In Vitro Fertilization) everyone has heard the term, but do you actually know what it really means? Do you experience infertility problems that prevent you from getting pregnant? You may wonder whether IVF is the best method for you.
The Majority of women have already reported to achieve successful pregnancy after trying IVF. If you want to learn more about the process, just check out the four steps you can expect during the IVF process. In this article, we undoubtedly answer all the frequent questions regarding IVF.
What is IVF?
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a procedure in which a doctor will remove eggs from the ovaries. The eggs are fertilized by sperms inside an embryology lab. This procedure is one of the most successful ways to achieve pregnancy when using your own sperms and eggs. It has become mainstream and broadly accepted, and it continues to grow rapidly due to incredible technological advancement.
Step 1: Ovulation Induction
Your fertility doctor will first monitor your ovaries before IVF process. The specialist will ensure that your ovaries are able to produce eggs and that your hormone levels are normal. Most women take hormones and fertility medicines at this time in order to stimulate the ovaries. After stimulation, the ovaries produce one or more eggs. Having many eggs available for IVF is crucial as it increase the chances that you’ll get pregnant.
Step 2: Egg Retrieval
This procedure is done in a surgical suite. Pain medication can be taken to reduce any discomfort or under intravenous sedation. A very thin needle is then passed through the upper vaginal wall. Follicular fluids are afterward scanned by the fertility expert to locate all the available eggs. These eggs are placed in a special media and later transferred to an incubator until insemination.
Step 3: Fertilization And Embryo Culture
During this step, your eggs will be mixed with the sperms from your partner or donor. The sperm is then cultured in the lab for about 16 hours and then checked for signs of fertilization. The eggs that have been fertilized (embryos) will be grown in the lab for up to six days. Your fertility expert will monitor embryos development, and the best will be chosen for transfer. The remaining high-quality embryos may be frozen for future use.
Step 4: Embryo Transfer
If you have not attained the age of 40, two embryos or even one may be transferred. If you are of 40 years old or above, a maximum of three embryos may be transferred. The number of fertilized eggs transferred is restricted because of the potential risks associated with multiple births. Your clinic may, therefore, recommend single embryo transfer a.k.a. SET if the embryologist feels it is the most suitable option for you.
During the procedure, the fertility expert will have a speculum inserted into your vagina to hold the vagina open to make the cervix visible. A catheter (fine tube) is passed through the cervix with ultrasound guidance. Fertilized eggs travel down the catheter into the womb. The procedure is usually pain-free, and no sedation is required. After the procedure bed rest is often recommended for about 24 hours.
From In Vitro Fertilization To Pregnancy
After IVF process is complete, you can take a pregnancy test in just a few weeks time. Most women become pregnant after the procedure, but a few others realize that the method didn’t work. If the process didn’t work for the first attempt, don’t lose hope; an average couple may need to undergo two or three attempts with the IVF procedure before a successful pregnancy occurs.
The beauty of IVF process is that once you get pregnant, you become indistinguishable from a woman who became pregnant naturally.
This form of pregnancy is also very safe. I hope this has answered your question of What is IVF if you have further queries please contact us via the contact us or seek a medical professional.